The Social Role of Liturgy in the Religion of the Qumran Community

Studies on the Texts of the De Band 60

Russell Arnold

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This volume investigates the layers of meaning of the Qumran community's liturgical practice as prayer (communication with the divine), ritual (actions that establish and reinforce the social and ideological structures of the community), and speech (containing both verbal and non-verbal communication). After a chapter on the social and ideological structures of the Qumran community, each successive chapter covers a different type of liturgy: Rites of Passage, Feasts and Fasts, Calendrical Rites, Rites of Affliction, Political Rites, and Rites of Communion. Each chapter presents the evidence for each practice and the social implications of the practice, especially with respect to community identity.


Einband gebundene Ausgabe
Erscheinungsdatum 01.10.2006
Verlag Brill Academic Publishers
Seitenzahl 270
Sprache Englisch
ISBN 978-90-04-15030-0

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  • CONTENTS Preface Introduction 1. The Levels of Meanings of Liturgy 2. Provenance of Qumran Liturgical Texts 2.1. Orthography and Language 2.2. Terminology 2.3. Formal Characteristics 2.4. Rhetorical Polemic 2.5. Problems in Determining Provenance of Liturgy and Prayer 3. Liturgical Use of a Text 4. Plan for this Study Chapter One Community Structure 1. Group Identity 1.1. Self-designations 1.2. Women 1.3. Corporate Identity and Hierarchy 2. Grid of Ideological Structures 2.1. Righteousness and Holiness 2.2. Calendar 2.3. Proper Speech 3. Summary Chapter Two Rites of Passage 1. Initiation and Covenant Renewal Ceremony 1.1. Preparation 1.2. Entrance of New Initiates (1QS 1:16-2:1) 1.3. Blessings and Curses (1QS 2:1-18) 1.4. Entrance into the Serekh 1.5. Purification and Instruction (1QS 2:25-4:26) 1.6. Rebuke and Dismissal 2. Summary Chapter Three Feasts and Fasts 1. Archaeological Evidence for Communal Meals at Qumran 1.1. Dining Rooms 1.2. Animal Remains 2. Texts About Meals 2.1. 1QS 6:1-8 2.2. 1QSa 2:17-22 2.3. Tohorat HaRabim 2.4. Was there Grace after Meals? 3. Liturgical Context 4. Significance of the Meal 5. Summary 6. Excursus: The Role of Fasting at Qumran Chapter Four Calendrical Rites 1. Calendar Texts 2. Evidence for Calendrical Rituals 3. Artifacts Relevant to Calendrical Rites 3.1. Sundial 3.2. Tefillin 4. Liturgical Texts Connected to Daily Rites 4.1. Daily Prayers (4Q503) 4.2. Words of the Luminaries (5Q504, 4Q506) 4.3. 4Q408-Liturgy on Morning and Evening Prayer 4.4. Summary of Daily Rites 5. Liturgical Texts Connected to Sabbath Rites 5.1. Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice (4Q400-407; 11Q17; Mas1K) 6. Liturgical Texts Connected to Festival Rites 6.1. Festival Prayers (4Q507, 4Q508, 4Q509 + 4Q505) 6.2. Times for Praising God (4Q409) 7. Monthly Rites 8. Summary Chapter Five Rites of Affliction 1. Curses 1.1. 1QS 2:4-18 1.2. 4QBera (4Q286) frg. 7 1.3. Curses (4Q280) frg. 2 1.4. Significance of Curses 2. Apotropaic Prayers and Incantations 2.1. Apotropaic Prayers 2.2. Incantations 3. Purification Rites 3.1. Tohorot (4Q274-278; 4Q514) 3.2. Ritual of Purification (4Q512, 4Q414) 3.3. Purification Liturgy (4Q284) 4. Summary Chapter Six Political Rites 1. Ranking the Members 2. Discipline 3. Authority of the Priesthood 3.1. Liturgy of the Tongues of Fire (4Q375, 4Q376, 1Q29) 3.2. The War Scroll (1QM, 4Q491-496) 3.3. Benedictions (1QSb) 4. Summary Chapter Seven Rites of Communion 1. Hodayot 1.1. Liturgical Context 1.2. The Hodayot as Rites of Communion 2. Psalms 2.1. Communion Elements in 11QPsa 3. 4Q380-4Q381 4. Barkhi Nafshi 5. Summary Conclusion Bibliography Indexes