Dimensional Adjectives

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Focussing on Dimensional Adjectives: Introductory Remarks.- 1 Background and Orientation.- 2 Framework and Topics.- 3 Limits and Perspectives.- The Syntax of Comparative Constructions.- 1 Positioning in the Theory of Grammar.- 2 Assumptions and the Problem Context.- 3 Assumptions about the Base Structure of Adjectival Constructions.- 4 Lexically Realized Comparatives.- 5 Morphologically Realized Comparatives.- 6 Syntactic Structure of the Comparans Phrase.- 7 Concluding Comments.- The Semantics of Gradation.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Technical Preliminaries.- 2.1 The Nature of SF.- 2.2 The Relation Between LF and SF.- 3 Analyses of Comparison.- 3.1 Some Basic Assumptions Concerning the Relevant Facts.- 3.2 The Basic Structure of Existing Analyses.- 4 More Facts and Distinctions.- 4.1 Classes of Adjectives.- 4.2 Determining the Comparison Class.- 4.3 Wonders of Contrastiveness.- 4.4 Riddles of Measure and Factor Phrases.- 4.5 Mis-construed Complements.- 4.6 Negated Complements.- 4.7 Consequences for the Formation of a Theory.- 5 The Conceptual Basis of Gradation.- 5.1 Preliminary Remarks on the Structure of the Operation of Comparison.- 5.2 Canonical Scales.- 5.3 Norm Values and Measurement Units.- 6 The Semantic Form of the Dimensional Adjectives.- 6.1 The Structure of Lexical Entries.- 6.2 The Interpretation and Categorization of the SF Constants.- 6.3 Conditions on SF Constants.- 6.4 Interim Balance.- 7 The Semantic Form of the Comparative and the Equative.- 7.1 The Structure of Degree Complements.- 7.2 Equative Constructions.- 7.3 Comparative Constructions.- 7.4 The Superlative.- 7.5 Second Interim Balance.- 8 Problems with Quantifiers.- 8.1 The Semantic Form of the Degree Constituent ‘viel’.- 8.2 Adjectival ‘viel’ and ‘wenig’.- 8.3 The Scope of Quantifiers in Degree Complement Clauses.- 9 More Degree Items.- 9.1 The Structure of ‘zu’ and ‘genug’.- 9.2 Complex Gradation.- 10 The Semantic Form of Evaluative Adjectives.- 10.1 The Structure of the Lexical Entries.- 10.2 Antonymy in Evaluative Adjectives.- 10.3 Dimensional Adjectives as Evaluative Adjectives.- 10.4 Final Balance.- 11 Outlook.- 11.1 Possible Extensions of the Analysis.- 11.2 Open Questions.- 11.3 Prospects.- The Semantics of Dimensional Designation of Spatial Objects.- 1 Introduction and Overview.- 2 Dimensional Designation: Facts and Problems.- 2.1 Combination and Distribution of Das.- 2.2 Semantic Properties of DAs and Relations between Das.- 2.3 Types of Context Determination in the Interpretation of Das.- 3 Dimensional Designation: Perceptual Basis and Conceptual , Categorization.- 3.1 Conceptions of Space and Categorization Grids.- 3.2 Inherent Proportion Schema (IPS): Object Delimitation and Gestalt Properties.- 3.3 Primary Perceptual Space: Position Properties.- 4 Conceptual Representation of Spatial Objects.- 4.1 Object Schemata (OS).- 4.2 Conditions for Parameter Fixing (CPF).- 4.3 A Précis of the Semantics of Dimensional Designation.- 5 An Outline of the Semantics of ‘gross-klein’.- 5.1 The Data Base.- 5.2 Some Heuristic Assumptions.- 5.3 ‘Gross’ Between DIM and QUANT.- 5.4 ‘Gross-klein’: Dimensioning a Global Impression.- 5.5 Integration Cue: Normal Proportion.- 6 Conclusion.- Language Acquisition and Development of Children’s “bigger” and “more” Judgements.- 1 Introduction.- 2 On the Semantics of “bigger”.- 3 On the Semantic Development of “bigger”.- 4 On Relations Between “bigger” and “more” Judgements.- 5 Concluding Remarks.- Comprehension of Comparatives: The Process of Conceptual Interpretation.- 1 The Problem.- 2 Theoretical Framework.- 3 Structural Assumptions.- 4 Experiment 1: Verification Problems.- 5 Experiments 2–5: Question-Answering Problems.- 6 Concluding Remarks.- Somewhat Longer — Much Deeper — Further and Further: Epilogue to the Dimensional Adjective Project.- 1 Semantic Form - The Interface Between the Grammar G and the Conceptual System C.- 1.1 The Problem.- 1.2 Basic Elements and Relations in SF.- 1.3 The Interpretation of SF.- 1.4 SF as a Component of Grammar.- 1.5 Parallels Between SF and PF.- 1.6 The Status of SF Conditions.- 1.7 Notes on the Autonomy of Subsystems.- 2 (+Pol)/(?Pol)-Asymmetries, Semantic vs. Conceptual Complexity, and Markedness.- 2.1 The Problem.- 2.2 The Incorporation and Evaluation of Asymmetries.- 2.3 (+Pol) (?Pol)-Asymmetries Regarding Gradation and Norm Relatednes.- 2.4 (+Pol)/(?Pol)-Asymmetries in Dimensional Designation and Scale Determination.- 3 Some Prospects and Outlooks.- 3.1 Analysis of the Spatial Lexicon.- 3.2 Assumptions on Universality.- 3.3 Spatial Orientation as a Basic Pattern.- Author Index.
Band 26

Dimensional Adjectives

Grammatical Structure and Conceptual Interpretation

Buch (Taschenbuch, Englisch)

Fr.126.00

inkl. gesetzl. MwSt.

Beschreibung

Details

Einband

Taschenbuch

Erscheinungsdatum

16.12.2011

Herausgeber

Manfred Bierwisch + weitere

Verlag

Springer Berlin

Seitenzahl

523

Beschreibung

Portrait

Dr. Ewald Lang war nach Abschluss eines Pädagogikstudiums mehrere Jahre Verkaufs- und Managementtrainer sowie Leiter eines Händlerentwicklungsprojekts bei BMW. Zusätzlich absolvierte er ein Studium der Betriebswirtschaft und promovierte über Organisationsentwicklung im Handel. 1988 machte er sich mit der Gründung der ITO Deutschland selbständig.

Details

Einband

Taschenbuch

Erscheinungsdatum

16.12.2011

Herausgeber

Verlag

Springer Berlin

Seitenzahl

523

Maße (L/B/H)

23.5/15.5/2.9 cm

Gewicht

803 g

Auflage

Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1989

Sprache

Englisch

ISBN

978-3-642-74353-5

Weitere Bände von Springer Series in Language and Communication

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  • Dimensional Adjectives
  • Focussing on Dimensional Adjectives: Introductory Remarks.- 1 Background and Orientation.- 2 Framework and Topics.- 3 Limits and Perspectives.- The Syntax of Comparative Constructions.- 1 Positioning in the Theory of Grammar.- 2 Assumptions and the Problem Context.- 3 Assumptions about the Base Structure of Adjectival Constructions.- 4 Lexically Realized Comparatives.- 5 Morphologically Realized Comparatives.- 6 Syntactic Structure of the Comparans Phrase.- 7 Concluding Comments.- The Semantics of Gradation.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Technical Preliminaries.- 2.1 The Nature of SF.- 2.2 The Relation Between LF and SF.- 3 Analyses of Comparison.- 3.1 Some Basic Assumptions Concerning the Relevant Facts.- 3.2 The Basic Structure of Existing Analyses.- 4 More Facts and Distinctions.- 4.1 Classes of Adjectives.- 4.2 Determining the Comparison Class.- 4.3 Wonders of Contrastiveness.- 4.4 Riddles of Measure and Factor Phrases.- 4.5 Mis-construed Complements.- 4.6 Negated Complements.- 4.7 Consequences for the Formation of a Theory.- 5 The Conceptual Basis of Gradation.- 5.1 Preliminary Remarks on the Structure of the Operation of Comparison.- 5.2 Canonical Scales.- 5.3 Norm Values and Measurement Units.- 6 The Semantic Form of the Dimensional Adjectives.- 6.1 The Structure of Lexical Entries.- 6.2 The Interpretation and Categorization of the SF Constants.- 6.3 Conditions on SF Constants.- 6.4 Interim Balance.- 7 The Semantic Form of the Comparative and the Equative.- 7.1 The Structure of Degree Complements.- 7.2 Equative Constructions.- 7.3 Comparative Constructions.- 7.4 The Superlative.- 7.5 Second Interim Balance.- 8 Problems with Quantifiers.- 8.1 The Semantic Form of the Degree Constituent ‘viel’.- 8.2 Adjectival ‘viel’ and ‘wenig’.- 8.3 The Scope of Quantifiers in Degree Complement Clauses.- 9 More Degree Items.- 9.1 The Structure of ‘zu’ and ‘genug’.- 9.2 Complex Gradation.- 10 The Semantic Form of Evaluative Adjectives.- 10.1 The Structure of the Lexical Entries.- 10.2 Antonymy in Evaluative Adjectives.- 10.3 Dimensional Adjectives as Evaluative Adjectives.- 10.4 Final Balance.- 11 Outlook.- 11.1 Possible Extensions of the Analysis.- 11.2 Open Questions.- 11.3 Prospects.- The Semantics of Dimensional Designation of Spatial Objects.- 1 Introduction and Overview.- 2 Dimensional Designation: Facts and Problems.- 2.1 Combination and Distribution of Das.- 2.2 Semantic Properties of DAs and Relations between Das.- 2.3 Types of Context Determination in the Interpretation of Das.- 3 Dimensional Designation: Perceptual Basis and Conceptual , Categorization.- 3.1 Conceptions of Space and Categorization Grids.- 3.2 Inherent Proportion Schema (IPS): Object Delimitation and Gestalt Properties.- 3.3 Primary Perceptual Space: Position Properties.- 4 Conceptual Representation of Spatial Objects.- 4.1 Object Schemata (OS).- 4.2 Conditions for Parameter Fixing (CPF).- 4.3 A Précis of the Semantics of Dimensional Designation.- 5 An Outline of the Semantics of ‘gross-klein’.- 5.1 The Data Base.- 5.2 Some Heuristic Assumptions.- 5.3 ‘Gross’ Between DIM and QUANT.- 5.4 ‘Gross-klein’: Dimensioning a Global Impression.- 5.5 Integration Cue: Normal Proportion.- 6 Conclusion.- Language Acquisition and Development of Children’s “bigger” and “more” Judgements.- 1 Introduction.- 2 On the Semantics of “bigger”.- 3 On the Semantic Development of “bigger”.- 4 On Relations Between “bigger” and “more” Judgements.- 5 Concluding Remarks.- Comprehension of Comparatives: The Process of Conceptual Interpretation.- 1 The Problem.- 2 Theoretical Framework.- 3 Structural Assumptions.- 4 Experiment 1: Verification Problems.- 5 Experiments 2–5: Question-Answering Problems.- 6 Concluding Remarks.- Somewhat Longer — Much Deeper — Further and Further: Epilogue to the Dimensional Adjective Project.- 1 Semantic Form - The Interface Between the Grammar G and the Conceptual System C.- 1.1 The Problem.- 1.2 Basic Elements and Relations in SF.- 1.3 The Interpretation of SF.- 1.4 SF as a Component of Grammar.- 1.5 Parallels Between SF and PF.- 1.6 The Status of SF Conditions.- 1.7 Notes on the Autonomy of Subsystems.- 2 (+Pol)/(?Pol)-Asymmetries, Semantic vs. Conceptual Complexity, and Markedness.- 2.1 The Problem.- 2.2 The Incorporation and Evaluation of Asymmetries.- 2.3 (+Pol) (?Pol)-Asymmetries Regarding Gradation and Norm Relatednes.- 2.4 (+Pol)/(?Pol)-Asymmetries in Dimensional Designation and Scale Determination.- 3 Some Prospects and Outlooks.- 3.1 Analysis of the Spatial Lexicon.- 3.2 Assumptions on Universality.- 3.3 Spatial Orientation as a Basic Pattern.- Author Index.