James Joyce's first book, Dubliners, is a collection of stories that present Irish middle class life in Dublin. It took nearly ten years for Joyce to get Dubliners published - never before had a book depicted Irish life in such a realistic manner. Published as Irish nationalism was hitting a fever pitch, the stories are considered some of the most important ever to emerge from the country, both in terms of literary innovation and the diverse experiences described. Some of the characters from the collection would later reappear in Joyce's literary masterpiece, Ulysses.
Irish novelist and poet James Joyce is widely recognized as one of the greatest writers of the modernist avant-garde period, although this recognition did not come until long after his death. In writings such as A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Dubliners, and his classic Ulysses, Joyce experimented with the use of language, extensively employed techniques like stream-of-consciousness and inner monologue, and pushed the boundaries of propriety with his explicit content. James Joyce died on January 13, 1941 in Zurich, Switzerland.