Laura Ruiz de Elvira is a permanent researcher at the French Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) in the CEPED research unit. Her research interests focus on civil society, commitment and social movements, political crisis and social policies, namely in Syria and Tunisia. Christoph H. Schwarz is a postdoctoral research fellow at the Research Network Reconfigurations at the Center for Near and Middle Eastern Studies (CNMS) at Philipps-University Marburg. His research interest include the moral economy of political protest, youth, education, gender relations, and migration. Irene Weipert-Fenner is a senior research fellow at the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF). She has worked on authoritarian regimes, political transformation and social movements in Egypt and Tunisia.